Science

Most fabrics and textiles are entirely recyclable, yet the amount of fabric waste that ends up in landfill sites is astonishing. In 2009, it was estimated that just 1.3 million tons of fabric was recovered for recycling in the US, a small fraction of the 12 million tones of fabric and textiles that was thrown away. 

At Aqua & Rock we believe in using a mix of different sustainable fabrics throughout our collection. Each of our products are labelled with the symbols below.
Organic Cotton
Cotton starts its life in the soil and is grown in a field. The fluffy fibre created by the plant is picked and spun into thread. Cotton is light, breathable and easy to wear so no wonder more than half of our clothes sold in the UK are made from cotton. 
Due to the mass consumption of cotton, not all cotton is produced lets say in the most natural way possible. The majority of cotton is made in countries that face water shortages as it is and cotton uses a lot of water to grow. However organic cotton farmers rely on rain water to grow their cotton. This means they're not extracting the water from the ground which can put pressure on water supplies in the local area.
Cotton also uses hazardous synthetic pesticides that can pollute the ground and water. These synthetic pesticides are actually banned in organic farming.
View all our products made from organic cotton
Hemp
Hemp is similar to organic cotton, it starts its life in the soil. Hemp is known to be one of the fastest growing plants and it also isn't very picky where it lives. Hemp can actually grow in very rough terrain. This makes hemp a more sustainable fabric than most as it doesn't need a lot of maintenance. 
Hemp is actually thermo dynamic meaning that it helps keep you warm when it's cold and cool when it's hot. It's antibacterial properties keeps you feeling fresh all day and there has been no nasty pesticides or chemicals used in the making.
Hemp is strong, soft and a great sustainable fabric. 
Tencel
Tencel is another fabric that has been made by nature however a much bigger plant this time. Tencel is produced from sustainably sourced wood by environmentally friendly processes. Tencel can be mixed with many different fabrics or used on its own. 
Tencel is known for its strength, efficiency for moisture absorption and being extremely soft against skin. It is extremely breathable and absorbs colours perfectly to create some rich tones to fabrics. 
Tencel is a great sustainable fabric as it's easily recycled but it's also biodegradable so can naturally dissolve back into the earth.
View all our products made from Tencel
Aqua Triblend
One of our most favourite sustainable fabrics has to be our own. We developed our own sustainable fabric that we use in some of our clothes and accessories.
The components of "Aqua Triblend" are recycled plastic, organic cotton and upcycled clothing all mixed together. We love the fact it uses a mix of components to make one extremely versatile, soft and strong sustainable fabric.
We developed Aqua Triblend in Scotland at the start of the Aqua & Rock journey and plan to develop more sustainable fabrics in the future.
View all our products made out from Aqua Triblend
Aqua Natural Triblend
We are extremely proud to have developed our very own sustainable fabric "Aqua Natural Triblend". We used a similar model to the first sustainable fabric we created, "Aqua Triblend", but we decided to focus on a mix of all natural fabrics.
"Aqua Natural Triblend" is made from 77% organic cotton, 15% hemp and 8% recycled wool. The fabric is extremely soft, durable and breathable. We have used it in the production of our comfy, casual but smart Isla and Bay of Blue two pieces. 
View all our products made from Aqua Natural Triblend
Recycled Leather
Leather is a fabric that has come from an animal therefore we can appreciate that leather is not for everyone. We have made the decision to use recycled leather for some of our more expensive items.
Our recycled leather is a by-product from the meat industry. Around 40%-50% of a cow is used for meat therefore around half is needed to be used for other products so it doesn't become waste. Due to high demand for meat a lot of waste is created.
Recycled leather is utilising the waste turning it into a by-product and diverting it from landfill sites. 
View all our products made out of recycled leather
Recycled Wool
The production of "virgin" wool is land and water intensive for the grazing sheep. This is then followed by a long process that requires a lot of energy, water and chemicals to turn this wool into a piece of clothing. Recycled wool however has already gone through this process which doesn't need to happen again. 
Recycled wool also has relatively low impact in its process. The wool goes through a process to sort it into colours by selecting and blending similar colours. This means that the wool doesn't need to be dyed again resulting in saving water and not using any new dyes.
Recycled wool is soft, durable, breathable, naturally stain resistant and easy to care for. 
View our products made from recycled wool
Environmentally Friendly Dye
The stunning shades of colour we create for a selection of our pieces are dyed using natural vegetable dyes that are environmentally friendly. We have found the combination of these dyes with Tencel give us a stunning bold colour that is gentle against skin and not harmful to our environment. I think you'll agree too, the colours are still as striking!
View all our products that use environmentally friendly dye
Recycled Viscose
Viscose is a product of wood pulp that is commonly used as a substitute for silk. The wood pulp that we use to create our Viscose is made from recycled wood sourced as a by-product from industrial waste. We take the wood from wood pallets that are used for shipping and turn these into our Viscose. We also use recycled wood furniture to create our Viscose too.
View our products made from recycled viscose
Silk
Silk is a natural renewable resource, can biodegrade, and uses less water, chemicals and energy than many other fibres. Silk is extremely high quality and gives products a longer life span.  Silk is hypoallergenic; it does not attract dust mites and is a natural fungal repellant.
View our products made from silk
Ecotan Leather
Our Ecotan Leather is part of our bio-circular business model. The model supports local organic farming by taking the leather that is a by-product of the food industry. This leather waste goes through a "Ecotan" process creating chrome free  and chemical free leather. Due to this process the leather is safe to be put back into the ground as a natural organic fertiliser at its end of life. This in turn helps to feed the livestock on the organic farms. The cycle is now complete and the process can start again.
View all our Ecotan leather products here
Trivo Blend
Aqua & Rock's own sustainable fabric "Trivo Blend" is made up of 40% recycled wool, 30% pes (recycled clothing) 20% pa and 10% recycled viscose.  Viscose is a product of wood pulp that is commonly used as a substitute for silk. The wood pulp that we use to create our Viscose is made from recycled wood sourced as a by-product from industrial waste. We take the wood from wood pallets that are used for shipping and turn these into our Viscose. 
The production of "virgin" wool is land and water intensive for the grazing sheep. This is then followed by a long process that requires a lot of energy, water and chemicals to turn this wool into a piece of clothing. Recycled wool however has already gone through this process which doesn't need to happen again. 
Recycled wool also has relatively low impact in its process. The wool goes through a process to sort it into colours by selecting and blending similar colours. This means that the wool doesn't need to be dyed again resulting in saving water and not using any new dyes.
EcoVero Viscose
EcoVero is viscose made using sustainable wood from controlled sources which are either FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) or PEFC (Program for Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes) certified in Europe, instead of bamboo or eucalyptus which is commonly used in normal viscose production. More than 60 percent of the trees used to produced EcoVero fibers come from Austria and Bavaria to ensure lower emissions. No chemicals are used in process. 
Organic Merino Wool
Organic merino wool comes from merino sheep that have been raised naturally in a habitat without the use of any synthetic chemicals or pesticides. No harmful chemicals are added to their diet and no harsh chemicals are used in the wool processing.